Dashed lines represent the limits for tropical Africa as defined by Sosef et al. The southern and central coasts include the welwitschia, a primitive conifer. The Future Okavango (TFO) project led by a research team from Hamburg focused on two research sites in Angola (Cusseque, Bié Province; Caiundo, Cuando Cubango Province) both in the more westerly Cubango catchment, one in Namibia (Mashare), and Seronga in Botswana. Albuquerque S (2008) Friedrich Welwitsch. Check List 13:2030, Revermann R, Oldenland J, Gonçalves FM et al (2018) Dry tropical forests and woodlands of the Cubango basin in southern Africa – First classification and assessment of their woody species diversity. 2017). Category:Flora of South Tropical Africa) instead of each subordinate category of that region. A more complete list of collectors is given by Figueiredo et al. 2017-3. We are delighted to acknowledge the support of the former Minister of Environment, Dr. Fátima Jardim, and the present Minister, Dr. Paula Francisco, at the Ministério do Ambiente, Luanda, in our attempts to provide the botanical evidence for the conservation of Angola’s unique flora. restaurant-flora.de restaurant-flora.de Tools. How to abbreviate Flora Of Angola? Include taxa here that are endemic or have restricted distributions (e.g. Only 399 species of vascular plant in Angola have been formally assessed for extinction risk through the IUCN Red List system (IUCN 2018), and a mere 36 of these appear in threatened categories. 2016), and ethnobotanical assessments (Göhre et al. C: 2017–; H: COLO, E, LUBA, WIND; L: CU HI NA; B: Researcher at Colorado Herbarium, University of Colorado. Look for pages within Plantspedia that link to this title. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. Most other herbaria with significant Angolan holdings have only digitised their type collections, although mass digitisation of entire national collections has made material in the Paris Natural History Museum (P) and Leiden’s Naturalis (L, WAG, U) accessible. (, Abrahamczyk S, Janssens S, Xixima L et al (2016). Res Rev J Bot Sci 6:44, Huntley BJ (1973) Proposals for the creation of a strict nature reserve in the Maiombe forest of Cabinda. Vor dem Beginn des Bürgerkriegs in Angola (1975–2002) gab es im Park 3000 Rotbüffel, 800 Elefanten, unzählige Pferdeantilopen und andere Tierarten. Over 1000 collections were made on this expedition by the botanist Hugo Baum (Warburg 1903; Figueiredo et al. So the current estimate of the vascular plants native to Angola is around 6850 species. C: 2011–; H: GRA, INBAC, K, LUBA, PRE; L: BI CC CS HI LN MO NA: Cumbira, Mt. The Huíla plateau consistently stands out as being rich in endemic species (Exell and Gonçalves 1973, Brenan 1978: 472, Linder 2001) and Soares et al. To date, over 1300 plant collections have been made by a Kew, South African and Angolan team, who have recorded 417 species of vascular plant from the high-rainfall upper Cuito and Cuanavale drainage system, and 176 from the lower rainfall zones further south (e.g., Fig. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. While the Dundo Museum has been refurbished and reopened to the public in 2012, it appears that the herbarium collections formerly housed there no longer exist. Ann Mo Bot Gard 65(2):437–478, Cavaco A (1959) Contribution à l'Étude de la Flore de la Lunda d'Après les Récoltes de Gossweiler (1946–1948, Cheek M, Lopez Poveda L, Darbyshire I (2015), Chisingui AV, Gonçalves FMP, Tchamba JJ et al (2018) Vegetation survey of the woodlands of Huíla Province. In northern Angola botanical surveys have been initiated in the moist coffee forests of Serra do Pingano, and more widely in Uíge Province, by a team from Dresden in cooperation with the Universidade Kimpa Vita (Lautenschläger and Neinhuis 2014; Neinhuis and Lautenschläger 2014). Approximately 6850 species are native to Angola and the level of endemism is around 14.8%. In October 1856 he arrived at Pungo Andongo (Malange) where he was based for the next eight months, making collections from Pedras Negras, Pedras de Guinga and localities along the Cuanza River – the furthest point he reached upstream was Quissonde, south of Malange. Angola has a diverse seaweed flora and 169 species have been recorded (Lawson et al. Strelitzia 22:1–279, Figueiredo E, Smith GF (2012) Common names of Angolan plants. Outside of Angola, Portuguese institutes in Coimbra (COI) and Lisbon (LISC, LISU) hold the largest collections of Angolan plants, an estimated 90,000 collections (Figueiredo and César 2008). Afr J Mar Sci 34:1–13, Barbosa LAG (1970) Carta Fitogeográfica de Angola. Compared to the floras of other southern and southern tropical African countries (Table 2), the flora of Angola appears to be the second richest in diversity, after that of South Africa. Die Namibia Flora besteht aus erstaunlich vielen, oftmals hochangepaßten Pflanzen aller Art. Such collections data could then be used in a variety of projects or programmes. C: 1964–2008; H: LUBA, LUA, LUAI, L: Collected in all Angolan Provinces; B: Angolan botanist at Lubango Herbarium until his retirement; collected with Huntley, Matos and Gonçalves. Four of these alien species pose particular threats as they are highly invasive in Angola (Rejmánek et al. Round fruit, with pulp between strong pink and red, with intense sweet taste. Biodivers Conserv 20:2543–2561, Dandy JE (1958) The Sloane Herbarium. These were supplemented by fieldwork in Huíla, Namibe, Cuanza-Sul and Huambo (Huntley 2009; Mills et al. We draw attention to the paucity of IUCN Red List assessments of extinction risk for Angolan vascular plants and note that the endemic aquatic genus Angolaea (Podostemaceae), not currently assessed, is at high risk of extinction as a result of dams built on the Cuanza river for hydro-electric power generation. In Germany, the collection of Technische Universität Dresden (DR) comprises 2400 specimens, kept separately from the main herbarium. genus) are … Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 1:105–128, Figueiredo E (2008) The Rubiaceae of Angola. C: 2013, 2015 H: DR, LUA; L: UI: Serra do Pingano, Municipality of Uíge, Kimbele, Damba, Mucaba; B: German botanist at Dresden Botanic Garden. C: 2015; H: DR, LUA; L: UI: Municipality of Uíge, Songo, Mucaba; B: German botanist at Technische Universität Dresden. He spent his first year in Angola in the coastal zone between the mouth of the Rio Sembo (‘Quizembo’) just north of Ambriz, and the mouth of the Cuanza. Geologically, the eastern half of Angola is notable for its deep deposits of Kalahari sand, while to the west crystalline rocks predominate. Outliers of the Guineo-Congolian forests in Cabinda, Uíge and Cuanza-Norte are progressively smaller in area to the south, ending in the isolated coffee forests of Gabela and Cumbira in Cuanza-Sul. Bot J Linn Soc 70:307–324, Linder HP (2001) Plant diversity and endemism in sub-Saharan tropical Africa. In: Fernandes A (ed) Comptes Rendus de la IVe Réunion Plénière de l'Association pour l'Étude Taxonomique de la Flore d'Afrique Tropicale (Lisbonne et Coïmbre, 16–23 Septembre, Exell AW, Gonçalves ML (1973) A statistical analysis of a sample of the flora of Angola. Lautenschläger T, Neinhuis C (eds) (2014) Riquezas Naturais de Uíge – uma Breve Introdução Sobre o Estado Atual, a Utilização, a Ameaça e a Preservação da Biodiversidade. The Fabaceae, Poaceae and Asteraceae After an extended period back in Luanda, he headed south via Benguela to Namibe (‘Little Fish Bay’) in June 1859, gradually extending his journeys along the coast to Cabo Negro, the port of Pinda (probably Tômbua) and Baía dos Tigres. In September 1854 he embarked on a three-year excursion, initially following the Bengo River and reaching Golungo Alto (Cuanza-Norte). Contact Us. 2009; Albuquerque and Figueirȏa 2018). C: 2015–. 2016; Revermann et al. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Report 28. The grassy savanna around Lobito includes baobab and euphorbia trees. C: 1991; H: K; L: CU HI NA; B: British botanist at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. ), grasses (526 spp. Int J For Res 2017(Article ID 6202093), 13 pp, Gonçalves FMP, Revermann R, Cachissapa MJ, et al (2018) Species diversity, population structure and regeneration of woody species in fallows and mature stands of tropical woodlands of SE Angola. Angolan arammi is a biennial herb which is endemic to tropical Angola, with finely divided leaves and flower sprays that are similar in appearance to Queen Anne’s Lace. Mendonça (1962) presents a historical account of plant collectors in Angola, giving helpful insights to the itineraries of a number of early expeditions. In Richtung Norden geht die Wüste in Feuchtsavanne über, in Richtung Osten in Dornstrauchsavanne. Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Lautenschläger T, Monizi M, Pedro M et al (2018) First large-scale ethnobotanical survey in the province Uíge, northern Angola. The APAES report was submitted to the Angolan Ministry of Environment in 2010, and formed the basis for the proposals approved by the Angolan Conselho do Ministros on 28th April 2011 (GoA 2011). But recent SASSCAL-funded surveys revealed species unaccounted for by Figueiredo and Smith (2008), underlining the need for more botanical surveys in both existing and newly proposed areas of conservation concern. We present an overview of historical and current botanical activity in Angola, and point to some areas of future research. English. Teixeira JB (1968a) Angola. C: 2017–; H: E, COLO, LUBA, WIND; L: CU HI NA; B: Senior Lecturer at University of Edinburgh and Associate Researcher at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. In 1866, José Anchieta moved to Angola and was based at Caconda on the Huíla plateau. August Wulfhorst – Namibia – Angola – Flora – Herbarium specimens Résumé FIGUEIREDo, E., G. F. SMITH & R. NYFFELER (2013). Start the Category:Flora of Angola page; Search for "Flora of Angola" in existing pages. 2009) were recorded as endemics. Beitrag Zur Flora Von Angola, Part 1 (1901) | Fritsch, Karl | ISBN: 9781169610729 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The need for a Flora of Angola was soon recognised, and this was founded as the Conspectus florae angolensis by Luis Wittnich Carrisso (1886–1937). Serra da Neve and Serra da Chela were visited briefly in 2013 as part of a wider floristic survey of the Angolan Escarpment led by a team from Rhodes University in South Africa, ISCED-Huíla in Lubango, and Kew. Published online 13 January 2018, Gossweiler J (1948) Flora exótica de Angola. FLAN abbreviation stands for Flora of Angola. (in prep.) All photos: David Goyder. 2017, 2018). Unpublished Report to Ministry of Environment, Luanda, 64 pp, NGOWP (National Geographic Okavango Wilderness Project) (2018), Oldeland J, Erb C, Finckh M, Jürgens N (eds) (2013) Environmental assessments in the Okavango region. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Big Dombe, Benguela ‎+244 927 917 258 +244 927 317 371 #FloraAngola #Vilmorin #MelanciaAngola Author(s) : Figueiredo, E.; Smith, G. F. Author Affiliation : HGWJ Schweickerdt Herbarium, Department of Plant Science University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa. This category contains the native flora of Angola as defined by the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions. However, as other mountains further to the north are surveyed botanically, some of these supposed local endemics may prove to be more widely distributed than currently thought. Im südlichen Küstenbereich hat Angola Anteil an der Wüste Namib, hier ist die Vegetation äußerst spärlich, nur sehr gut angepasste Pflanzen können überleben. 2011), and synthesised into an ‘Angolan Protected Area Expansion Strategy – APAES’ (Huntley 2010). C: 2014; H: LUBA, STE; L: BE BO CN CS HA HI MA NA UI; B: Czech botanist based at University of California, Davis, working on biological invasions. Agronomia Angolana 1:121–198. 1. Three nineteenth century German expeditions to the Congo travelled through Angola – Pechuël-Lösche’s 1873 Loango Expedition with Paul Güssfeldt and Hermann Soyaux started from Cabinda; Pogge, Buchner and Wissmann’s Cassai Expedition made collections from Malange and the Lundas (Mona Quimbundo, Saurimo, Cuango River) in 1876; while Teucsz and Mechow’s Cuango Expedition made collections from Dondo (Cuanza-Norte), Pungo Andongo and Malange (Malange), and the Cuango river (Uíge) in 1879–1881. Die Crinum-Arten sind ausdauernde krautige Pflanzen, die Wuchshöhen von etwa 80 Zentimeter erreichen. C: 2013; H: GRA, K, LUBA, PRE; L: HI NA: Lubango Escarpment, Mt. This percentage is considerably lower than the estimate of 27.3% by Exell and Gonçalves (1973) based on a limited sample of the flora, or studies of individual families of plants where 19% of both Rubiaceae (Figueiredo 2008) and legume species (Soares et al. Figueiredo E, Smith GF Plants of Angola/Plantas de Angola. His final 2 years’ collections, in 1946 and 1948, were from the remote northeast of the country, and formed the basis of Cavaco’s Flora of Lunda (Cavaco. Get the most popular abbreviation for Flora Of Angola updated in 2020 Int J Innov Sci Res 26:190–204, Mendonça FA (1962) Botanical collectors in Angola. For Rubiaceae, Cabinda has the highest level of diversity with 175 species, but Huíla possesses the most endemics (Figueiredo 2008). The northward-draining tributaries of the Cuango and Cassai rivers in Uíge and Lunda-Norte have fingers of pure Congolian forest along them. Under the leadership of Estrela Figueiredo and Gideon Smith, thirty-two authors from around the world compiled the first checklist of vascular plants for Angola (Figueiredo and Smith 2008; Smith and Figueiredo 2017). H: K, LUBA; L: CS HI: Lubango Escarpment, Mt. 2018). Afr J Ecol 55:56–69, Revermann R, Gonçalves FM, Gomes AL et al (2017) Woody species of the miombo woodlands and geoxylic grasslands of the Cusseque area, south-central Angola. The New World starch crop – cassava Manihot esculenta (Euphorbiaceae). in Uppsala, Sept. 12th–16th, 1966. What is the abbreviation for Flora of Angola? C: 2008–; H: HBG, INBAC, K, LUBA; L: BI CC CU CS HA HI LA NA MO: Chitembo (Cusseque), Cumbira forest, Mt. Angola is botanically rich and floristically diverse, but is still very unevenly explored with very few collections from the eastern half of the country. (2009) record 83 endemic legumes from the province. Ministério do Ambiente, Luanda, Darbyshire I, Anderson S, Asatryan A et al (2017) Important Plant Areas: revised selection criteria for a global approach to plant conservation. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4_5 In: Huntley BJ, Russo V, Lages F, Ferrand N (eds) Biodiversity of Angola. Labels: Angola. Contribuição da sua obra para o conhecimento da flora angolana. Almost every botanical survey made in recent years in Angola has revealed undescribed species and new country or provincial records. Airy-Shaw H (1947) The vegetation of Angola. In the South towards the Kunene are regions of dense thorn scrub. In der nördlichsten Pro… Namba, Serra da Neve, Lubango Escarpment, Mt. Trop Conserv Sci 8:863–892, Warburg O (1903) Kunene-Sambesi-Expedition. Most of the rainfall occurs on the escarpment and the plateau, again with a steady increase to the north. Repartição Técnica da Fauna, Serviços de Veterinária, Luanda, Mimeograph report, 10 pp, Huntley BJ (1974) Ecosystem conservation priorities in Angola. MARINE ALGAL FLORA OF ANGOLA Here, ascidians and sponges were very common, with plants of Acanthophora muscoides and, more rarely, lithothamnia growing on the shells. A listing of post-Independence botanical collectors in Angola is given in Appendix, following the format used for earlier collectors used by Figueiredo et al. Email This BlogThis! J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 14:51, Lawson GW, John DM, Price JH (1975) The marine algal flora of Angola: its distribution and affinities. There are ongoing digitisation programmes at both institutions that will make these collections more widely accessible. Phytocoenologia 48:23–50, Smith GF, Figueiredo E (2017) Determining the residence status of widespread plant species: studies in the flora of Angola. We are grateful to Thea Lautenschläger for providing biographical and other information relating to projects in Uíge Province. Thiers B (continuously updated). A checklist of woody species and geoxylic suffrutices in the grasslands of south-central Angola was provided, documenting potential new species and new records for the country (Gonçalves et al. Bot J Linn Soc 156:537–638, Figueiredo E, César J (2008) Herbaria with collections from Angola/Herbários com colecções de Angola. haemantha (Proteaceae); Clerodendrum baumii (Lamiaceae); Erythrina baumii (Leguminosae); Monotes gossweileri (Dipterocarpaceae); Gloriosa sessiliflora (Colchicaceae); Raphionacme michelii (Apocynaceae). Appendix 2: checklist to the flowering plants, gymnosperms and pteridophytes of Lunda-Norte Prov, Angola. Top to bottom, left to right: Protea poggei subsp. 2018). Two of the six tropical African centres of endemism identified by Linder (2001) fall partially or entirely within Angola. The western margin of the Huíla Plateau reaches its highest elevation along the Lubango Escarpment of the Serra da Chela and runs in a southwesterly direction from near Tundavala c. 15 km NW of Lubango to Bimbe c. 20 km NW of Humpata. Exell and F.A. Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. The map represents the date of the first botanical collection made within each 0.5° sampling unit. A fourth German expedition, the Kunene-Sambesi Expedition, left Namibe on 11 August 1899 and travelled east, through present-day Cunene and Cuando Cubango provinces, reaching the Cuando River in March 1900 before returning to Namibe in June of that year. Several genera are endemic to Angola, including Calanda K.Schum. Strelitzia 22:11–12, Figueiredo E, Smith GF (eds) (2008) Plants of Angola/Plantas de Angola. C: 2014–2016; H: B, BR, BONN, P; L: UI: Municipality of Uíge, Kimbele, Damba, Mucaba; B: German botanist at Dresden Botanic Garden. Not affiliated C: 2011, 2013; H: INBAC, K, LISC; L: LN: Lucapa, Lagoa Carumbo; B: British botanist at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; collected with Crawford, Gomes, Goyder & Kodo. Thirty known papers mention marine macro-algae and together list less than 50 species. Tchivira, Okavango headwaters, Lucapa, Lagoa Carumbo; B: British botanist at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; collected with Crawford, Darbyshire, Godinho, Gomes and Kodo in LN, with Barker and Clark on the western escarpment, with Gonçalves in CS and Okavango headwaters, with Barker, Bester, Frisby and Janks in CC. Albuquerque S, Figueirȏa S (2018) Depicting the invisible: Welwitsch’s map of travellers in Africa. 1 ways to abbreviate Flora Of Angola. Compared to the floras of other southern and southern tropical African countries (Table 2), the flora of Angola appears to be the second richest in diversity, after that of South Africa. It was evacuated to Luanda in 1995, and has now returned to Huambo, but is in poor condition and funds are needed to employ well-trained young staff to conserve, rehabilitate and work on this important collection. To give one example, Teixeira’s (1968b) work on plant diversity in Bicuar National Park (Huíla Province) resulted in the recognition of six vegetation types in the park. 2017) and other forms of conservation planning. 2017; Lautenschläger et al. IV. Comparisons with the much better preserved vegetation on Mount Namba might inform habitat restoration initiatives in the area. 2009b). C: 2015; H: GRA, INBAC, LUBA, PRE; L: CC: Okavango, Cuito and Longa Rivers; B: South African botanist; collected with Barker, Bester & Goyder. Once these combined resources are available online, georeferencing the Angolan material should be a priority. (2011) state that the western highlands of Angola comprise the least well-documented stretch of the Great Escarpment of southern Africa. J Biogeogr 28:169–182, Martins ES (1994) John Gossweiler. He based himself eventually at Sange from where he made excursions to Ndalatando (‘Cazengo’) and the banks of the Luinha. Variety arrives with ease at 50 tonnes / hectare, in a 40-inch compass (16.500 plants / hectare). However, our experience is that many of these collections have not necessarily been well studied. Agronomia Angolana 1:121–198, Gossweiler J (1949) Flora exótica de Angola. Plants collected from Mount Namba are currently being studied by the Kew/Lubango team – this work may inform studies on the Lubango Escarpment further to the south. Other reasons why this message may be displayed: If a page was recently created here, it may not yet be visible because of a delay in updating the database; wait a few minutes and try the purge function. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Flora of Angola. Nova Hedwigia 100:487–505, Müller F, Sollman P, Lautenschläger T (2018) A new synonym of, Neinhuis C, Lautenschläger T (2014) The potentially natural vegetation in Uíge province and its current status – arguments for a protected area in the Serra do Pingano and adjacent areas. None of the genera listed in an earlier section of this paper as Angolan endemics have been assessed. Angola has previously received little attention from marine phycologists. No comments: Post a comment. And by the 1880s, missionaries such as José Maria Antunes and Eugène Dekindt, and collectors such as Francisco Newton and Henry Johnston were also making significant collections from this region. Die meist nur in einer grundständigen Rosette angeordneten, selten auch zweireihig am Stängel verteilten, ungestielten, meist (bis drei Meter) langen Laubblätter sind linealisch bis schwertförmig … Agronomia Angolana 7:1–587, Gossweiler J, Mendonça FA (1939) Carta Fitogeográfica de Angola. Surname, first names (birth–death); C: period when collecting in Angola; H: herbaria [abbreviations after Thiers, continuously updated; FC-UAN = Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade Agostinho Neto, Luanda; INBAC = Instituto Nacional da Biodiversidade e Áreas de Conservação of the Ministério do Ambiente, Luanda]; L: provinces abbreviated after Figueiredo and Smith 2008: principal localities; B: biographical information. Bothalia 39:185–211, GoA (Government of Angola) (2011) Plano Estratégico da Rede Nacional de Áreas de Conservação de Angola. C: 2013; H: INBAC, K, LISC; L: LN: Lagoa Carumbo; B: Angolan botanist at INBAC; collected with Darbyshire, Godinho and Goyder. Time lapse of botanical collecting history across tropical Africa. BMC Biol 15:15. In: Fernandes A (ed) Comptes Rendus de la IVe Réunion Plénière de l’Association pour l’Étude Taxonomique de la Flore d’Afrique Tropicale (Lisbonne et Coïmbre, 16–23 septembre, 1960). 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2020 flora of angola