How does the acquisition of skill affect performance? Diabetes is a chronic condition that is becoming increasingly common in Australia. This is significantly reducing the quality of life of Australians. Diabetes is a disease that relates to the bodies ability to control blood sugar levels using insulin. For this reason, diabetes has been identified as a priority health issue in Australia. 7. Type 1 is also referred to as early onset diabetes and is an autoimmune disorder. > Diabetes affects almost 4% of the population, which is around 999,000 people. Nevertheless, diabetes prevalence is still on the rise indicating the need for more to be … Over the last 20 years the rate has doubled in Australia to 4.2%. Priority Public Health Conditions Knowledge Network (PPHC KN) was one of the Knowledge Networks that was created to support the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH). Type 1 is when the body no longer produces insulin to control blood sugar levels. Cerebrovascular disease – like cardiovascular disease continues to be a major health issue and has similar underlying causes as cardiovascular disease. Injury and diabetes are both considered to be priority health areas when considering Australia's overall health status. Closing the Gap is a commitment by all Australian governments to improve the lives of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples. Despite the high risk of cardiometabolic diseases within the Indigenous population, and our knowledge that this occurs from a young age, annual screening rates for type 2 diabetes vary from 0 to 43% across Australia, with particularly low rates reported in younger adults. To improve Australia's health status, certain areas of health must be identified as priority areas as they contribute to a large number of deaths and/or illness within the Australian population. Diabetes is the second leading cause of death for Aboriginal people. How can nutrition and recovery strategies affect performance? According to Diabetes Australia, a small weight loss (5-10 per cent of your body weight) can make a big difference, and reduce your risk of developing complications like heart disease, stroke and some cancers. What role do health care facilities and services play in achieving better health for all Australians? Diabetes – is not only prevalent in Australia, but has an increasing incidence, making it a very high priority issue for Australia’s health. In Australia there is an estimate of 1 million people diagnosed with Diabetes. What actions are needed to address Australia’s health priorities? Protective factors include: good management of blood sugar levels (especially in type 1), regular physical activity, well balanced diet, managing blood pressure, and not smoking. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Improving the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is a national priority. 6. Type 2 is more common in men than women, amongst people of low socioeconomic status, and people living outside major cities. This Strategy identifies the most effective and Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for complications during labour and is connected with a larger birth-weight. People who have Chinese, Indian, Pacific Island or ATSI backgrounds are more likely to be diagnosed with type 2. The eight priority areas are arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions, asthma, cancer control, cardiovascular health, diabetes mellitus, injury prevention and control, mental health and obesity. It is often pictured as a lock and key model, where insulin is the key and the bodies cells have a lock on the door that allows sugar into them. Education, employment and income are the socioeconomic determinants. Untreated mental health issues can make diabetes worse, and problems with diabetes can make mental health issues worse. The ABS classifies data on health conditions according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10). Identifying priority health issues In this section elements of the criteria used to identify priority issues are examined. A lack of physical activity is linked to poor health, including many chronic … People outside of major cities are more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. It’s estimated that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Indigenous people is 3 to 4 times that of non-Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are almost four times more likely than non-Indigenous Australians to have diabetes or pre-diabetes. International Australia Brazil Canada España France Ελλάδα (Greece) India Italia 日本 (Japan) 한국 ... Why Putting Your Health First Should Be a Priority. This is a key priority for Primary Health Networks (PHNs). The best way to prevent or delay these problems is to control your blood sugar and take good care of yourself. Australian diabetes policy Diabetes was declared as a National Health Priority by the Federal government in 1997, and state and federal governments have supported programs to monitor and improve diabetes prevention, detection and management. The section includes an overview of the most prevalent conditions and more detailed data for the Australian national health priority areas. Why is diabetes a problem ? There are 3 main types: Type 1, type 2 and gestational. Comparisons are based on the most significant health issues for the people of Queensland, including the seven National Health Priority Areas and other key health areas. The National Preventative Health Strategy, Australia: The Healthiest Country by 2020, recommends a range of interventions aimed at reducing the chronic disease burden caused by obesity, tobacco and alcohol. Diabetes is the 6th leading cause of death in Australia, contributing to 10% of deaths. Aboriginal leaders and health experts fear that the town will soon have the highest rate of diabetes anywhere in the world. Obesity and non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes are now the world’s biggest killers. A report on Asthma is being prepared in 2000. The action areas in We fund research into diabetes, and maintain national monitoring and surveillance. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes than the general population. T he next Australian Government will confront major challenges in the funding and delivery of health care. There are currently 9 National Health Priority Areas (NHPAs), each selected for their high level of burden on the Australian population. In Australia, people with low socioeconomic status have higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, imbalanced diets, obesity, and physical inactivity. Diabetes can be the underlying cause of other chronic diseases such as: heart disease, liver disease, blindness and limb amputation. 6 National Health Priority Areas The National Health Priority Areas (NHPA) initiative is a collaborative effort involving Commonwealth, State and Territory governments. How are sports injuries classified and managed? Type 2 diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease in Australia. This information is sourced from a variety of data and are used by government agencies to determine how to best spend their health budget and where to allocate any additional resources. The main groups at risk are those who have a family history. How are Priority Issues for Australia’s Health Identified? We have developed the Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016–2020 to prioritise the national response to diabetes. Governments are giving higher priority to health promotion in Australia. Priority public health conditions Background. What role do preventative actions play in enhancing the wellbeing of the athlete? "If you attempt the same weight loss after 10 … What are the priority issues for improving Australia’s health? The sociocultural, socioeconomic and environmental determinants. 31. In July 1999 three further reports, the National Health Priority Areas Report: Diabetes Mellitus 1998, the National Health Priority Areas Report: Mental Health 1998 and the National Health Priority Areas Report: Cardiovascular Health 1998 were released. Priority Health Issue. They cause an estimated 41 million deaths each year – that’s 71% of all deaths globally. Analyse current trends in life expectancy and major causes of morbidity and mortality for the general population. Australia’s indigenous people are three times more likely to contract diabetes and are almost twice as likely to suffer heart disease between the ages of 35 and 44 than the total population. It is recommended that people with diabetes see an eye doctor every year for a dilated eye exam. You can see how having a mental health problem could make it harder to stick to your diabetes care plan. Along with this group; ATSI are 3 times more likely to have diabetes, Pacific Islanders, and people from Chinese or Indian backgrounds are more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. It is the cause of 2.5% of hospitalisations in 2011 and is an expensive disease with over 8.2 million prescriptions being filled for related medication each year. Aboriginals also have to deal with problems long eradicated in Australia’s cities, such as trachoma. POSSIBLE HSC QUESTION 32. Type 2 diabetes is also more prevalent in the elderly, affecting 15% of people over 65 than other Australians. IDENTIFYING HEALTH PRIORITY ISSUES In order to improve Australia’s health, governments and health authorities prioritise particular health issues, based generally on: • how much they contribute to the burden of illness in the community • their potential for reducing this burden. Use Tables and Graphs from Health Reports, Potential for Prevention and Early Intervention, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, High levels of preventable chronic disease, injury and mental health problems, Increased population living with chronic disease and disability, Demand for health services and workforce shortages, Range and types of health facilities and services, Responsibility for health facilities and services, Equity of access to health facilities and services, Health care expenditure versus expenditure on early intervention and prevention, Impact of emerging new treatments and technologies on health care, Complementary and alternative health care approaches, Reasons for growth of complementary and alternative health products and services, Health promotion based on the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter, Levels of responsibility for health promotion, The benefits of partnerships in health promotion, How health promotion based on the Ottawa Charter promotes social justice, Health promotion initiatives related to Australia’s health priorities – Close the Gap, Health promotion initiatives related to Australia’s health priorities – Road Safety. Providing health care close to home is most effective. Eyes. 85% of these cases are type 2 and only 12% are type 1. By ... You can be at a high risk of diabetes and/or other chronic health issues. Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is a chronic and potentially life-threatening condition where the body loses its ability to produce insulin, or begins to produce or use insulin less efficiently, resulting in blood glucose levels that are too high (hyperglycaemia). Type 1 is often thought to be caused by a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Identifying priority health issues requires the government to use more that just epidemiology and statistics. Thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and attitudes can affect how healthy your body is. How does sports medicine address the demands of specific athletes? Each NHPA has a set of main risk factors (determinants) and reasons for selection, including large direct, indirect or intangible cost to the Australian community. Account for the differences in the health status of men and women in Australia. This contributes t their higher rates of type 2. The Mind-Body Connection. Environmental determinants include geographical location, housing and access to technology and health services. It is linked with type 2 diabetes, with many women who are diagnosed with it being diagnosed with type 2 soon after childbirth. Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016–2020 1 Executive summary The Australian National Diabetes Strategy aims to outline Australia’s national response to diabetes and inform how existing limited health care resources can be better coordinated and targeted across all levels of government. Diabetes is the 6 th leading cause of death in Australia, contributing to 10% of deaths. There are 1 million people in Australia with diagnosed diabetes, and another ¼ of people are believed to be undiagnosed. The following are the major core health issues and challenges that I believe Australia will need to address. The government uses the principles of social justice, considers the costs of the issue for individuals and the community, as well as the prevalence of the condition and potential for prevention or early intervention that will reduce the impact or occurrences of the issue. It is part of a process that involves various levels of government and draws on advice from non-government sources, with the primary goal of reducing the incidence and impact of diabetes in Australia. What are the planning considerations for improving performance? Gestational diabetes is similar to type 2, but occurs during pregnancy. Diabetes is the worlds fastest growing disease. How are Priority Issues for Australia’s Health Identified? It aims to close the gap of Indigenous disadvantage in areas such as health, housing, education and employment. Improving the lives of people affected by all types of diabetes and those at risk among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is a priority for Diabetes Australia. Primary health care services can improve people’s health and wellbeing by supporting them to manage their complex and chronic conditions and, by doing so, reduce the need for specialist services and visits to emergency departments. Type 2 is very lifestyle related and is caused by: physical inactivity, high sugar diet, hypertension, obesity, smoking and high blood lipids. Type 2 diabetes on the other hand is characterised by a breakdown in the efficiency of insulin. 19 Increased screening rates, especially in areas of established high risk, may contribute to earlier diagnosis and management of diabetes, and so improve long term outcomes. In Australia, the number of people who are overweight or obese has continued to rise over time. The death rate from diabetes for Aboriginal people is 17 times higher than for non-Aboriginal people, and diabetes begins at an earlier age. What Ethical Issues are Related to Improving Performance? Physical inactivity. How do athletes train for improved performance? Sociocultural determinants include: family, peers, media, religion and culture. Risk factors include: a family history, obesity, imbalanced diet (high sugar, fats or alcohol), physical inactivity, smoking, polycystic ovarian syndrome, gestational diabetes, and hypertension. 92% of type 2 diabetes occurs in adulthood, though 8% occurs in children. In Australia there is an estimate of 1 million people diagnosed with Diabetes. Along with these cultures, families that have poor diets, and sedentary lifestyles are more likely to produce children who grow up to be similar, increasing the likelihood of diagnosis. In Australia diabetes is the sixth-highest cause of mortality by disease and there are 1 million people diagnosed with it in, thus making it a priority to treat. People with type 1 require insulin injections in order to control blood sugar levels. Diabetes is a problem as it's prevalence is increasing and there is an emerging global epidemic of diabetes that can be traced back to rapid increases in overweight, obesity and physical inactivity. Describe how priority health issues are identified. Queensland Health is one of the nation’s leaders in the areas of hospital services reforms, advances in quality of health care and investment in health infrastructure. People with diabetes are at risk for long-term problems affecting the eyes, kidneys, heart, brain, feet, and nerves. It is also important to be familiar with the […] Several programs and initiatives help treat or manage diabetes-related problems. 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why is diabetes a priority health issue in australia

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